Indonesia is committed to reducing emissions as reported in the Nationally Determined Contribution to the Paris Agreement. The Indonesian government has a carbon emission reduction target as part of its commitment to the Paris Agreement, which is 29% on its own and 41% with international support is expected to be achieved by 2030.
Indonesia's commitment to the Paris Agreement includes contributions in 5 sectors, but only the Forestry sector is serious in reducing emissions, including efforts to reduce deforestation by almost 90%. As part of the NDC, the energy sector targets an increase in the use of renewable energy from 10% in 2020 to 23% in 2025; and 31% by 2050.
Landscape Indonesia is supported by US Climate Works, conducted the Green Reset study, which aims to conduct a study on the potential for more ambitious CO2 emission reductions from the energy sector, especially through the stimulus package for the national economic recovery (PEN) or green recovery program. The green reset study is to obtain an overview of the possibility of reallocating resources and policies from the green recovery program so that Indonesia can get out of the economic crisis towards green economic development from the New Renewable Energy Program, and Efficiency in energy use.
In collaboration with Landscape Indonesia, the Indonesia Clean Energy Forum (ICEF) held a series of discussions with stakeholders using the System Dynamic approach to build a model for low-carbon development scenarios towards a green economy to meet net zero-emission in 2060 or sooner. The modeling uses the Indonesia Vision 2045 scenario developed by Bappenas.
The main activities are holding participatory technocratic meetings in 3 rounds of focused discussions, and one-on-one discussion meetings with policymakers in the government and parliament as part of policy engagement, including consultations with civil society organizations during the period July – October 2021.
The results of the modeling of low-carbon development scenarios and green recovery will be communicated to the public through the media for awareness and advocacy to the public about the importance of pushing for faster emission reduction targets through policies that favor the green economy. The results of the green reset study were also presented to members of the Indonesian delegation for the upcoming COP26 in Glasgow.