Forest and peatland ecosystems provide services that are valuable to economic development. Forests provide biodiversity, nutrients, water, carbon sequestration and storage, and tourism. The most advanced market for ecosystem services is carbon sequestration and storage. The role of forests to sequester climate change-inducing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and with peatland to store carbon above and below ground is considered crucial in the carbon cycle of the Earth. Forests and peatlands have been legally and illegally disrupted and destroyed.
As such, reduction of destruction of forests and peatlands will keep the carbon stock stored, instead of released into the atmosphere. The international community is hence willing to pay for such avoidance of carbon emissions from deforestation, and degradation of forests and peatlands. Landscape Indonesia is currently developing a couple of forest carbon projects in Indonesia.